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한국현대영미소설학회> 현대영미소설> 조이스 캐럴 오츠의 『사토장의 딸』: 생존의 서사

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조이스 캐럴 오츠의 『사토장의 딸』: 생존의 서사

Joyce Carol Oates`s The Gravedigger`s Daughter: the Narrative of Survival

장경순 ( Kyong-soon Chang )
  • : 한국현대영미소설학회
  • : 현대영미소설 23권3호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2016년 12월
  • : 75-100(26pages)

DOI


목차

I. 들어가며
II. 가부장 제도와 제이콥의 생존 실패
III. 레베카의 생존과 아메리칸 드림
IV. 나가며
인용 문헌

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초록 보기


						
Joyce Carol Oates bears witness to suffering and violence running through American society and expresses her subjectivity to convey what she sees in her works with a sense of mission. Oates, however, has barely revealed her private life in her writings that emphasize her subjectivity. But newly finding out about the Jewish background of her grandmother, late Blanche Morgenstern, and her family history after the death of her grandmother, Oates wrote a novel, The Gravedigger`s Daughter, based on her grandmother`s true story. This paper explores the survival of Rebecca Schwart, whose story is inspired by Oates`s grandmother, in American society in The Gravedigger`s Daughter. Rebecca has been exposed to a wide variety of violence but striven to survive, on the one hand running away from violence all the time and trying to overcome her tragic childhood and on the other concealing her Jewish background and family tragedy. And I analyze the reasons that Rebecca`s patriarchal father, Jacob, unlike his daughter, fails not only to survive in American society but also to achieve an `American Dream.` Also, I examine limitations and problems of American society that the `American Dream` reveals.

ECN

I410-ECN-0102-2018-800-000524784


UCI

I410-ECN-0102-2018-800-000524784

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 영문학
  • : KCI 등재
  • : -
  • : 연3회
  • : 1229-7232
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1994-2018
  • : 700


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저자 : 김상욱 ( Sangwook Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 23권 3호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 5-26 (22 pages)

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Christopher in The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time by Mark Haddon has been noted mainly for his autistic behavior. For this reason, most of criticism on the novel has socio-linguistically, psycho-behaviorally, or neuro-biologically delved in his unsocial mental functioning underlying his cognitive literalism. This criticism assumes Christopher is a non-adaptive person resisting any interpersonal relationship. Departing from the view of Christopher as a socially un-interactive person, this essay focuses on his cognitive-affective development from the perspective of narrative therapy. A main argument is, in this essay, that the detective story Christopher is writing in the novel is a process of changing―i.e. reauthoring―his dominant story, which is his own and his family`s narrative defining his character in a particular way, from a story centered on his behavioral problems into a story oriented towards his more socially adapted state. Changing of his dominant story is generated in the process of objectifying his behavioral problems in order to meet others` emotional needs in a better way.

2반목가적 공간에서 심화된 남아공 역사의 폭력성과 분열성-쿳시의 『나라의 심장부에서』

저자 : 김현아 ( Hyun-ah Kim )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 23권 3호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 27-50 (24 pages)

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This paper aims to analyze the problem of violence in South African history rooted in racism and patriarchalism, centering on J. M. Coetzee`s 1977 second novel, In the Heart of the Country. Throughout this novel Coetzee intends to lead South Africans and international readers to examine the Apartheid ideology and patriarchal culture prevalent in South African society. Social phases are represented by the patriarchal oppression and the psychological conflicts between the main character, Magda and people surrounding her such as her father and their servants. The hysterical spinster Magda is ignored by her father and even by their servants in the patriarchal society. She is psychology-impoverished because of her environment, and this is why she was engrossed in her journals, which are in essence monologues. Magda`s narrative, consisting of 266 numbered journal entries, can be suspected as unreliable due to her inconsistent voice about events she experienced on the farm, the novel`s background from the beginning to the end of the work. Coetzee suggests that Magda`s inconsistency is based on South Africa`s unstable race, gender and class hierarchy, as well as its inter-racial violence, segmentation, and fathers` general oppression of daughters. This novel, above all, significantly focuses on Magda`s subversive acts in a context of race, class, and gender to illuminate social rupture. That is to say, Coetzee`s narrative strategies throughout In the Heart of the Country propose to denounce South African society`s inherent contradictions.

3단절된 역사, 지속적 기억: 아미타브 고쉬(Amitav Ghosh)의 『그림자 선』(The Shadow Lines)을 중심으로

저자 : 이향미 ( Hyang-mi Lee )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 23권 3호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 51-74 (24 pages)

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This paper examines the inextricable relationship between memory and history focusing on Amitav Ghosh`s The Shadow Lines. As one of the acclaimed Indian-English writers, Ghosh has paid attention to the role and significance of memory in recuperating forgotten events that are marginalized or occluded in a formal history. Drawing on the recent discourse of memory that claims its potentiality as alternative historiographies, this paper specifically deals with the continuity of memory challenging the discontinuity of the official history. While the formal history creates a great chasm between the past, present, and future, memory underscores the consistency of times: the past and present are integrated in the continuous flow of memory. Set against historical events such as the Indian Partition and World War II, this novel follows a nameless narrator`s memories encompassing the stories of his family in India and the Prices in London. Throwing the rhetorical questions of “Don`t you remember?” and “How can anyone divide a memory?” throughout the novel, Ghosh unravels the true story of the mysterious death of the narrator`s uncle Tridib and ultimately reveals the tragic history of the Indian Partition ignored and silenced for decades.

4조이스 캐럴 오츠의 『사토장의 딸』: 생존의 서사

저자 : 장경순 ( Kyong-soon Chang )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 23권 3호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 75-100 (26 pages)

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Joyce Carol Oates bears witness to suffering and violence running through American society and expresses her subjectivity to convey what she sees in her works with a sense of mission. Oates, however, has barely revealed her private life in her writings that emphasize her subjectivity. But newly finding out about the Jewish background of her grandmother, late Blanche Morgenstern, and her family history after the death of her grandmother, Oates wrote a novel, The Gravedigger`s Daughter, based on her grandmother`s true story. This paper explores the survival of Rebecca Schwart, whose story is inspired by Oates`s grandmother, in American society in The Gravedigger`s Daughter. Rebecca has been exposed to a wide variety of violence but striven to survive, on the one hand running away from violence all the time and trying to overcome her tragic childhood and on the other concealing her Jewish background and family tragedy. And I analyze the reasons that Rebecca`s patriarchal father, Jacob, unlike his daughter, fails not only to survive in American society but also to achieve an `American Dream.` Also, I examine limitations and problems of American society that the `American Dream` reveals.

5과학기술과 여성의 육체: 제임스 팁트리 2세의 「접속된 소녀」

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This paper examines the relation of technoscience and woman`s body in James Tiptree, Jr.`s “The Girl Who Was Plugged In” focusing on the status of women`s bodies in multinational capitalism and technologically dominated culture. Tiptree shows the interface between technoscience and woman`s body plays an increasingly important role in women`s construction of identity in the near future. She shows how technologies could emancipate marginalized women`s bodies through Philadelphia Burke`s rejection of her grotesque body and her desire to live a new life through Delphi`s cyborg body. However, Tiptree also explores how the use of technology supporting the patriarchal culture can bind women to their prescribed roles and images. Brainless female bodies are constructed by Global Transmission Corporation and they are remotely controlled by those who are willing to give up their own bodies. Burke is plugged in to the media circuit that promotes the ideal feminine beauty of Delphi. Burke and Delphi are evaluated through their bodies and the text offers a critical view on the advanced technology relating to women within capitalistic global market. It also shows how women are entrapped by the gender ideology which places a high value on idealized female body and performance of femininity. The Burke/Delphi body does not fulfill the feminist potentialities of cyborg, and it shows the failure of offering new ways of constructing identity for women. Tiptree contributed to the formation and development of feminist cyberpunk and cyborg theory through her exploration of gender relations, technoscience and woman`s body in the future capitalist society.

6미국 다문화 아동문학에 나타난 미국의 꿈과 이주아동의 짐: 이주자 아동문학을 중심으로

저자 : 정정미 ( Jungmee Jung )

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This essay examines American immigrant children`s expectations and frustrations from the perspective of multiculturalism, focusing on Pam Munoz Ryan`s Esperanza Rising and An Na`s A Step from Heaven. Both of these autobiographical works explore how immigrant children like Esperanza and Young Ju face multiple challenges in their partly segregated ethnic region and their conflict-ridden family circumstances. The main characters of both works carry various burdens to accommodate their parents` suffering and realize their aspiration for the American Dream of success. Esperanza Rising and A Step from Heaven disclose the way Esperanza and Young Ju struggle and stumble under cultural inequality, eventually showing only `good` children can make progress up the socioeconomic ladder. Besides, their success stories implicitly encourage young immigrant readers to acquiesce in the formidable cultural authority for their personal fulfillment. This tendency may ultimately engender the very cultural `typing` that multiculturalism attempts to dismantle. Thus, the multicultural children`s literature need to investigate and uncover the burdens they carry and find some desirable models for cultural adaptation.

7서사적 패러디와 역사적 팰림세스트: 모리스의 『랑가티라』에서 새롭게 그려지는 19세기 마오리 추장들의 영국방문기

저자 : 차희정 ( Heejung Cha )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 23권 3호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 147-165 (19 pages)

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This paper discusses the compelling narrative of New Zealand writer Paula Morris`s novel Rangatira (2011) in terms of narrative parody and historical palimpsest which makes the sensational presence of the Maoris in the 19th-century England critically meaningful and historical. The novel is based on the real event of Maori chiefs` journey to England in 1863. This historical event is revealed in Wesleyan William Jenkins`s Dairy describing the period of the Maori Chiefs visit to Queen Victoria, and James Smetham`s painting, “The New Zealand chiefs in Wesley`s House in 1863,” and Gottfried Lindauer`s Maori portraits as well. Up on meticulous research and provocative questions, Morris fictionalizes the circumstances of the painting`s creation. In fact, the whole adventure is renarrated by old chief Paratene Te Manu, who was a fierce warrior, converted to Christianity, and lived through great changes. While sitting for the Bohemian painter Lindauer painting his portrait, Paratene unfolds his memories from the meetings with Queen Victoria, British royalty and aristocracy to disintegration into estrangement, poverty, and mistrust. By walking the tightrope between fact and fiction, in postmodern metafiction parody Rangatira, Morris uses photos and paintings as “an interpretation of the world” to recreate untold stories which are “an important story that should be told” and textualize the significance of cultural symbols.

8『자기만의 방』에 대한 후대 페미니즘의 응답들: 유색여성 페미니즘을 중심으로

저자 : 최하영 ( Hayoung Choi )

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 23권 3호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 167-190 (24 pages)

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Since its publication in 1929, Virginia Woolf`s A Room of One`s Own has continued to be a foundational work in the discussion of women and writing and other feminist topics. It has represented the consciousness of the 1st wave feminism. Many feminist and non-feminist critics have given comments on the work both in positive and negative context. This article explores how colored women writers have responded to A Room of One`s Own and how they reinterpreted and appropriated to claim their voices during the period of the 2nd wave feminism, which evolved mainly around the experience of white middle class women. Alice Walker, in In Search of Our Mothers` Gardens, explores how her black (slave) mothers and grandmothers managed to give outlet to their creative artistic desire without succumbing to overwhelming daily demands and social oppression. Maxine Hong Kingston, in The Woman Warrior, remembers how her mother achieved a room of her own in solidarity with other women, exorcising a haunted room during her days in a Chinese school of midwifery. And then Kingston contrasts her mother`s new life in the U.S., which is described to have been surrounded by ghosts. Gloria Anzaldua, in This Bridge Called My Back, emphasizes the different position of third world women writers from that of white women writers, and argues they should write whenever and wherever possible, forgetting the room of one`s own Woolf suggested. These writers respond to Woolf`s work according to various social, economic, cultural, racial, and sexual positions in which each of them is located. While they explore, criticize, revise, and reclaim Woolf`s questions about women and writing, Woolf`s work and their work continue one another.

9Childhood`s End: Transhumanist Vision and the Imagery of a Colonial Parable

저자 : Jihun You

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 23권 3호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 191-210 (20 pages)

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Arthur C. Clarke`s Childhood`s End explores themes such as technological progress, transcendent evolution, and eschatological visions. While these themes may indicate Clarke`s own progressive and utopian view of the world and history, when placed under close scrutiny these themes suggest otherwise. Such progressive visions seem to promise transcendent technological progress and the transcendent transhuman who has transcended the limitations of human life; however, these visions implicate the colonial parable of the British empire. This paper will demonstrate that Childhood`s End not only conjures up crucial concepts of transhumanism―the singularity and indirection―but also dramatizes the core imagery of colonialism such as the ideological relationship between the colonial administrator and colonial subjects, colonial exploitation, and colonial rule.

10Good Morning, Midnight Revisited

저자 : Jian Choe

발행기관 : 한국현대영미소설학회 간행물 : 현대영미소설 23권 3호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 211-227 (17 pages)

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Jean Rhys`s inter-war European novels, set in contemporary London and Paris, evince thematic regularity. They engage critically with the narrative of prostitution, or commodification of a female body, exposing its workings at various levels within a framework of the modern capitalist city. Good Morning, Midnight of 1939, replaying and summing up its predecessors, brings her work full circle. It sustains this particular theme and yet reworks the major concerns of her earlier fictions with an ironic twist. In this novel, women`s involvement with commodity culture emerges as more intricate and problematic. The heroine Sasha Jansen represents a commodity-cum-consumer in the marketplace of sex, which complicates the relevant issues, adding a further dimension to the discourse of sexuality, commerce and power. The mutable status between the consuming subject and the object implies dynamic power politics in operation in the arena of consumption and exchange, in which the relationship between hegemonic and non-hegemonic parties is subject to a constant revision by the interconnected variables of money, gender and class. Yet Sasha`s final transferring to a position of the object seems to reflect the tension and anxiety that Rhys would have felt in constructing a woman as a consumer of a sexualised male body. In conclusion, Good Morning, Midnight indicates that women`s involvement with the world of commodity is complex and open-ended rather than monolithic and one-dimensional.

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