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한국지역개발학회> 한국지역개발학회지> 한국의 도시환경관리체계에 관한 연구 - 울산광역시를 중심으로 -

KCI등재

한국의 도시환경관리체계에 관한 연구 - 울산광역시를 중심으로 -

Articles : Urban Environmental Governance in Korean - Focused on the Case of Ulsan Metropolitan City -

정회성(Hoi Seung Jeong) , 조덕호(Deok Ho Cho)
  • : 한국지역개발학회
  • : 한국지역개발학회지 13권3호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2001년 12월
  • : 245-273(29pages)
피인용수 : 27건

(자료제공: 네이버학술정보)

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환경문제는 21세기 사회경제정책의 최우선 과제가 될 것이다. 산업사회의 개발 패러다임은 수질, 대기, 기후, 폐기물 등 지속적으로 환경을 악화시켜서 더 이상 지속되기 어렵다. 따라서 경제적인 번영을 계속해서 누리면서 환경파괴를 최소화 할 수 있는 지속 가능한 개발이라는 새로운 개발 패러다임이 요구되며, 이를 실천하기 위해서는 과거의 통치 혹은 상의하달식 관리체계에서 관련 기관 및 요소들이 함께 참여하는 새로운 관리체계가 필요하게 되었다. 특히 환경문제는 작게는 지역에서부터, 국가 및 세계에 이르기까지 영향을 미치고 또한 그 효과가 오랫동안 지속되기 때문에 어느 한 기관의 관심이나 노력으로 해결하기 어렵다. 따라서 본 연구는 경제적으로 가장 성공한 나라중의 하나이지만 심각한 환경문제를 겪고 있는 한국의 환경 관리를 의사결정체계의 경험을 분석·검토하고, 특히 환경문제가 가장 심각한 도시중의 하나인 울산광역시에서 환경관련 기관과 요소들이 어떻게 서로 협력하여 관리체계에 대한 의사를 결정하고 이를 실천하는지에 대한 분석을 함으로써 경제개발은 곧 환경파괴라는 대립적인 구도에서 벗어나서 개발도상국들이 지속 가능한 발전을 유지할 수 있는 방안을 제시하고자 한다. 이를 위해서 본 연구는 우선 과거의 정책수립 및 집행에 있어서 단순히 규제 혹은 통치의 개념에서 벗어나서 의사결정과정에서 함께 참여하여 문제를 해결하는 관리체계(Governance)의 개념을 규명하고, 3장에서는 우리나라 환경정책의 발전과정을 검토하며, 4장에서는 중앙정부의 환경관리체계 과정을 분석하고, 5장에서는 지방정부(울산광역시)의 관리체계를 위한 의사결정과정의 요소들을 역할과 활동내용을 분석하여, 6장에서는 중앙 및 지방정부의 경험을 바탕으로 새로운 도시환경 관리체계의 방향을 제시하여 개발도상국의 시행착오를 최소화하고 지속 가능한 개발방향을 제시하고자 한다.

						

ECN

ECN-0102-2009-320-005696341


UCI

I410-ECN-0102-2009-320-005696341

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 지역개발
  • : KCI 등재
  • : -
  • : 연5회
  • : 1225-9055
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1989-2018
  • : 1119


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1인력 이동이 지역 경제에 미치는 효과

저자 : 김영용(Young Yong Kim) , 이승준(Seung Jun Lee)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 1-17 (17 pages)

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This study investigates the economic effects of interregional labor movements on regional economies in Korea. The gains and losses for a regional economy are analyzed based on marginal product of labor, the slope of the marigal product of labor curve, and the corresponding size of labor movement. Contrary to the case of capital movement in which regions of both capital exporting and capital importing gain, labor movements result in a deterious effect on labor exporting region since a part of income of the labor exporting region is transferred to the labor importing region, and the incomes of workers who moved to a region are not returned to their home region. The results demonstrate that in 1998 Chonnam shows the highest marginal product of labor in manufacturing among the regions under examination. Chonbuk, Kyunggi, Kyungnam, Chungnam, and Chungbuk are placed next to Chonnam. On the other hand, Cheju shows the lowest marginal product of labor. Seoul, Pusan, and Kyungbuk are ranked next to Cheju. These aspects can be attributed to structural differences in industries located in each region. Chonnam, Chonbuk, and Kyunggi areas experience labor inflows from other regions due to their relatively high marginal product of labor. In particular, the immigrating workers into Kyunggi enjoy the highest increase in their incomes. Net income accrues to Chonnam the largest due to labor inflow. The size of increased net income for Chonbuk and Kyunggi follows Chonnam. Kyunggi enjoys larger amount of transferred income from the labor exporting regions than any other region. Kyungnam, Chonnam and Chonbuk are placed next to Kyunggi. Cheju, Seoul, Pusan, Kangwon and Chungbuk areas suffer from labor outflow because of their low marginal product of labor. The net income loss is the largest for Seoul among the regional economies. Pusan and Kyungbuk follow Seoul due to their low marginal product of labor and sizable amount of labor outflow. The policy implication derived from the study is simple. Each regional economy should increase productivitiy of labor to induce workers from the other regions, and specialize in an industry based on comparative advantage.

2지역특성이 인구이동에 미치는 영향 : 계속이동과 회귀이동

저자 : 이성우(Seong Woo Lee)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 19-43 (25 pages)

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Most migration analyses implicitly treat migration as if it were a once-and-for-all event Most moves, however, are repeat moves, either on to new locations or back to places where migrants lived before. Such repeat events are generally coined as onward or return migration, where the former is a sequence of moves to new locations and the latter represents a move to a previous location The purpose of this article is to extend the empirical literature on population migration by examining the effects of regional differentials on population movement between return and onward migrants. Our findings show some significant differences between return and onward migrants with respect to individual and locational characteristics. Compared with return migrants, onward migrants comprise a higher proportion of those searching for better opportunities in their response to the attractions of potential destinations. Those who overestimated the utility of the potential destination are more likely to be return migrants, taking advantage of kinship ties and location-specific amenities. We suspect that the expected difference in returns may result from a trade-off between the lower costs associated with making a return migration, the possibility of lower income levels following migration, and the help of kinship and location-specific capital in the home regions, relying upon relatives and friends for monetary or social assistance during the transition period right after migration.

3도시정책 개발 모형 연구

저자 : 소진광(Jin Kwang So)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 45-64 (20 pages)

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So far municipal government would make policies on the base of the traditional capitals such as financial capital, physical capital, environmental capital, etc. Therefore urban policies have been implemented beyond realizing the value, the ultimate end, goal, and objective, resulting in governmental failure. In urban policies, the ultimate end or the concept of public good tends to be ambiguous, and not to be connected with practical instruments usually supported by public cost. In this context, this essay tries to develop a new model for more efficient and effective urban policy, introducing the concept of social capital. Social capital can be expected to connect the value of urban policy and more practical objective of projects. In conclusion, a new model for more efficient and effective urban policy can be approached from the three contexts, such as substantial field, procedural context and value system.

4주택재개발구 재정착 주민의 주거안정 특성 분석

저자 : 하성규(Seong Kyu Ha) , 김태섭(Tae Seop Kim)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 65-82 (18 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to examine the socioeconomic characteristics of reoccupied residents in housing renewal project areas. With the chronic problems of housing renewal project, a Joint Redevelopment Project was introduced in 1983. There has been considerable improvement of physical aspects which resulted from housing renewal project. However, it has led to various problems such as the lack of residents` participation in planning process, the role of local government, the equity of the housing allocation and affordability of low-income residents.  The project is basically profit-oriented and does not take into account the residents` ability to pay and the project treats housing as a commodity in the open market. Most of the occupants of redeveloped estates are belong to middle income group who are not the original residents. Unfortunately only 30 percent of original residents reoccupied after the completion of the housing renewal projects. The low-income community has broken through the project. The survey evidence demonstrates that reoccupied original residents, particularly tenants, are facing a serious economic burdensome for keeping new apartment. The owner occupiers have got some benefit through housing price increase. But tenants have to pay more money for maintenance cost and rent. Even though reoccupied residents have much improved housing facilities, they do not satisfied with new residential environment in terms of the culture, human relationship and community sense of belonging. They are losing low-income social network which they enjoy the squatter settlements consensus.

5서해안고속도로 개통과 영향권 개발

저자 : 김정연(Jeong Youn Kim) , 전영노(Yung Ro Jeon)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 83-94 (12 pages)

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This paper aims to analyse the regional effects of the west coastal highway and to propose the policy issues using those effects for facilitating development of west Korea.  Opening of the west coastal highway in 2001 shall shrink time distance among the regions of west Korea greatly and increase regional interaction drastically along the highway. These effects shall provide new opportunities to the influential areas of highway in improving socio-economic and spatial structure. However, there may be widened regional imbalance between Seoul metropolitan area and the other west Korea owing to the strong straw effect.  So, we recommend policy issues using the effect of highway for formulating the west coastal developmental axis which was proposed in the 4th Comprehensive National Territorial Plan (2000∼2020): Formulation of nucleus area and planned development of area adjacent to interchange of highway; improvement of local transportation system connected to highway; common use of area-wide urban services among regions.

6바다낚시공원지역의 관광활성화 - 고성지역을 사례로 -

저자 : 윤상호(Sang Ho Yoon)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 95-105 (11 pages)

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This paper is concerned with the development planning in tourist area. Sea fishing is the representative leisure activity recently. Especially Koseong area located in Kyongnam province is famous for sea fishing public park. Six billion won was invested to the sea fishing area since 1992. But there was no rational & reasonable plan to operate the facilities. So the enterprise of the sea fishing public park has suffered from a loss in terms of money. Then how to operate well the fund & how to develop the area issues now. The enterprise tries to recover the loss. And the circumference condition will be advance in one or two years. Therefore this paper attempts to suggest the tourist development including hinterland.

7농촌지역사회의 유형구분 및 특성분석 - 충청남도 읍 , 면을 중심으로

저자 : 송두범(Doo Bum Song) , 오남현(Nam Hyun Oh)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 107-120 (14 pages)

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The objectives of this study are to suggest a unit and a method of selecting the target areas for the rural developanent policy. This study also tries to find out an efficient way of implementing the ruoral development policy for the community unit by classifying and analyzing administrative districts.  To do this, the scope of rural community was defined as the administrative district eup(town)-myons(township) in Chungnam Province except for tongs which was included in the urban category. The classification and characteristic analysis of communities were carried with eup-myons. The Factor Analysis, Cluster Analysis, One-way ANOVA, Z-score were used for the data analysis with SPSS. According to the above results, the following policy strategies can be suggested.  1) It is desirable that the target areas for the rural development are hierarchically selected with si-guns, eup-myons, legal ri(villages).  2) If the target areas are uniformly selected in terms of si-gun units, there may exist the possibility of distorting or not reflecting their characteristics because the heterongeneous villages are dispersed with small groups.  3) The scope of target areas for rural development may be of variety from villages unit to si-guns unit if the analysis is based on the micro-level.  4) Among fishery and side-job areas, the classification of the fishing villages is not possible because the data of the fishing villages unit are not produced.  5) The rural areas should be defined with the objective criterion other than administrative units because the current data based on administrative units do not explain appropriately the feature of the area.  6) A variety of indicators should be developed in that the selection of indexes should be changed according to the goal of rural development policy.

8일본 마을정비제도의 분류와 특성에 관한 연구

저자 : 윤원근(Won Keun Yoon)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 121-139 (19 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to categorize and clear the rural village development system in Japan. Generally speaking, the category of rural village development system can be classified into four groups, and be determined by the location of the rural village.  The location of rural village is understood as a zoning system in urban and rural area. The City Planning Act has been the general legislation covering urban area. This act designates city planning zone and urbanization control zone. In rural area, zoning system is operated under The Agricultural Promotion Area Act. This act designates agricultural land zone and other agricultural promotion area.  Therefore, there is no general legislation that control development within rural settlement, although technical standards for individual buildings are decided by The Building Standard Act. In 1987, The Rural Settlement Planning Act was enacted. This is novel attempt to address village planning issue between urban planning and agricultural legislation. Namely, rural settlement planning system is established and applied in the fringe of urban area, but not in the whole rural area.

9한국의 환경의식과 환경운동

저자 : 조명래(Myung Rea Cho)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 141-154 (14 pages)

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This paper attempts to investigate how both environmental consciousness and environmental movement evolve influencing each other within the overall change of socio-economic system in Korea. The relationship between the two has undergone four distinctive changes: ① unenlightened environmental consciousness vs. absent evironmental movement from early 1960s to mid-1970s, ② pollution-evoked environmental consciousness vs. environmental resistance movement from mid-1970s to mid-1980s, ③ civil-right focused environmental consciousness vs. organized environmental movements from mid-1980s to mid-1990s, ④ discursive environmenal consciousness vs. institutionalized environmental movement from mid-1990s till now.

1021 세기의 사회변화와 지역계획의 대응전략

저자 : 김영모(Yung Mo Kim)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 155-168 (14 pages)

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Current society in the 21st century is rapidly transformed. Regional Planning always reflects the transformation of society. The purpose of this paper is to find out some strategies of regional planning toward the 21st century, in relation with the transformation of society. In order to accomplish this purpose, four topics are discussed. The first topic finds out such issues as globalization, localization, information, and environmental conservation identified from the transformation of society. The second topic examines the concepts and effects of each issue in relation to regional planning. The third topic discusses various strategies needed to cope with those issues. The fourth topic suggests the policy implication of those issues discussed above. In conclusion, the existing regional planning requires to shift its concept to a new one and needs to accommodate those issues mentioned above, in order to be more effective.

12
주제별 간행물
간행물명 수록권호

KCI등재

한국지역개발학회지
30권 4호 ~ 30권 4호

지역정보화
113권 0호 ~ 113권 0호

자치발전
2017권 11호 ~ 2017권 11호

KCI후보

지역연구
34권 3호 ~ 34권 3호

자치발전
2017권 10호 ~ 2017권 10호

KCI등재

한국지역개발학회지
30권 3호 ~ 30권 3호

지역정보화
112권 0호 ~ 112권 0호

안동개발연구
11권 0호 ~ 17권 0호

KCI후보

지역개발연구
50권 1호 ~ 50권 1호

KCI등재

감정평가학 논집
17권 2호 ~ 17권 2호

자치발전
2017권 9호 ~ 2017권 9호

도시와 빈곤
112권 0호 ~ 113권 0호

자치발전
2017권 8호 ~ 2017권 8호

KCI후보

지역연구
34권 2호 ~ 34권 2호

지역정보화
111권 0호 ~ 111권 0호

자치발전
2017권 7호 ~ 2017권 7호

Journal of Global and Area Studies(JGA)
2권 1호 ~ 2권 1호

KCI후보

일본공간
23권 0호 ~ 23권 0호

KCI후보

공공정책연구
34권 2호 ~ 34권 2호

KCI등재

한국지역개발학회지
30권 2호 ~ 30권 2호
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