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한국경찰법학회> 경찰법연구

경찰법연구 update

Journal of police and law

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(2003)~18권1호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 331
경찰법연구
18권1호(2020년 02월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1근대 경찰제도 도입과정에 대한 법제도사적 고찰 - 갑오개혁기에 창설된 경무청(警務廳)의 '근대성'을 중심으로 -

저자 : 류부곤 ( Ryu Bugon )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 18권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 3-34 (32 pages)

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This paper attempts to analyze the appearance and characteristics of Korean modern police in the process of introducing the modern police system in the Gabo Reformation(1894-1896) based on the historical materials. In particular, it focuses on whether the early modern police system is modern in terms of ideological 'modernity' compared to the institutional reality of the traditional society. And I would like to draw implications related to the concrete tasks of recent police reform in terms of ideological modernity.
In conclusion, in the aspect of institutional modernization, the fact that it was made by introducing foreign modern system without autonomous system reform does not uniformly deny the modernity of such reform. However, in the process of introducing and operating the police reform system, the part corresponding to the reform of awareness is not sufficiently seen. Formally, he tried to look modern but didn't seem to elicit the change of ideas, and only the instrumental character of the institution is emphasized. In terms of the development of history, it is hard to say that the police system of the Gabo Reformation period cannot have more than meaning as a modernized concept. This suggests two points in relation to the recent police reform. The first is to overcome the low credibility of the police, and the second is to focus on a clear ideological orientation that institutional reform in relation to the investigation structure reinforces legal responsibility for investigation.

KCI등재

2자치경찰제 도입 추진상의 문제점과 대응 전략

저자 : 황문규 ( Hwang Mungyu )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 18권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 35-68 (34 pages)

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The government's model about Local police system was finalized and submitted to the bill. Nevertheless, criticism of this model is emerging. On the one hand, this criticism is positive in that it can create a more rational system through healthy discussion. On the other hand, it is negative to build consensus on the introduction of local police system and secure driving force through it.
Many governments have tried to introduce local police system, but this has not led to successful legislation. Within the current government period, it is necessary to secure the driving force for the passage of the bill.
Some problems can also be found in legislation to introduce local police system. For example, First the scope of office of autonomous police is excessively enumerated. Second, the right to first action in urgent situations is so limited. Third, the requirements for bill revision are too strict.
There is also a need for consensus on local police system. There is doubt that autonomous police is a 'better' or 'wiser' choice. Because they are used to the centralized state police. It is also because security is stable.
In view of this, This article first examines the problems and alternatives of the legislation for the introduction of the local police system. Second, look back on your progress and check for any problems. Based on this, we propose strategic countermeasures to continue the driving force for the introduction of the autonomous police system.

KCI등재

3공수처법의 몇 가지 쟁점에 관한 소고

저자 : 민경선 ( Min Kyoung-sun )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 18권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 69-88 (20 pages)

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The Act for Establishing the Anti-Corruption Investigative Agency was enacted in South Korea in December 2019. While some experts argue that politicians will use the new anti-corruption investigative agency as a tool to retaliate against their opponents, other scholars believe that the agency will be used to fight corruption in earnest. What is the future of the anti-corruption investigative agency? Will the new act allow for the establishment of a fair and effective anti-corruption agency? To answer this question, this study analyzes the act, focusing on the appointment process for the head of the agency, the scope of its application, and the prosecution process. The current act will also be compared with former bills that sought to establish an anti-corruption investigative agency. This study also explores other issues, such as the prevention of intervention, the qualification of investigators, jurisdiction, organizational structure, and budget system. This study concludes that the new act is generally suitable for building a fair and effective anti-corruption agency. However, some changes to the act should be considered, such as the principle of mandatory prosecution, budgetary independence, and the capacity for investigating cases related to the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act.

KCI등재

4경찰 사건수사비의 적정성에 관한 연구 - 분배적 정의의 관점에서 -

저자 : 최대현 ( Choe Dae-hyun )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 18권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 89-117 (29 pages)

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Recently, the amendment of the Criminal Procedure Act for the coordination of investigation rights between the police and the prosecutors passed the National Assembly. Under the circumstances, the police should reform investigation systems including budgets, organization, and procedural justice.
In this study, a survey was conducted on 1,340 police investigators to investigate the appropriateness of the current investigation expenses. First of all, the study introduced basic concepts such as equity theory, distributive justice, work performance, and the relationship between job stress as a theoretical background of the study. Next, it examined the adequacy of the size of crime investigation costs and job stress, and suggested a method for measuring the appropriate budget size for each case.
The results of this study of police investigators found that perceptions of distributive fairness had an effect on job stress, as did previous studies of other occupations. It was found that the perception of the expenses of crime investigation was not recognized as an influencing factor causing job stress. However, as an alternative when the investigation costs are insufficient, a method of discontinuing the investigation or using the complaint to cover the investigation costs is being used.
If the police officer's responsibility for investigation increases in the future and there is no fair compensation through the payment of appropriate case investigation costs, police officers in charge of criminal investigations will recognize that the distribution is unfair, and that recognition will have a negative impact on the police's performance. In the future, further research will be needed to calculate the appropriate case investigation cost and actively reflect it in the budget.

KCI등재

5통신자료 취득행위의 헌법적 검토

저자 : 오동석 ( Oh Dong-suk )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 18권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 119-142 (24 pages)

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The Constitutional Court understood the investigation agency's request to provide communication materials through a voluntary investigation. The Constitutional Court ruled that the provisions of the Telecommunications Business Act, which allowed telecommunications carriers to provide telecommunications data, could not be seen in the exercise of public power.
However, attention should be paid to the social environment in which the act of requesting correspondence acts as a power fact. In the past, the meaning of communication data was not significant. In today's enormous expansion of information power, tight control over the collection of communications data is indispensable in ensuring human rights. On the basis of this, the constitutional norm to guarantee information human rights should be based on warrant system as the minimum procedural control device for the state, business and both networks.
This is because of the imbalance between the state power and the individual or the business and individual information power and information human rights. Correcting this imbalance is the strengthening of information human rights. It adds constitutional responsibility to state or corporation in proportion to power. The protection of basic human rights in response to the development of information and communication technology is primarily a duty of legislators. However, if legislators tend to neglect the protection of fundamental rights, the Constitutional Court should actively ask legislators to make improvements of the laws that are not consistent with the Constitution.

KCI등재

6실종자 수색제도에 관한 비교법적 연구 - 독일의 실종자 수색제도를 중심으로 -

저자 : 차종진 ( Cha Jong-jin ) , 이진국 ( Lee Jin-kuk ) , 권건보 ( Kwon Geon-bo )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 18권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 143-179 (37 pages)

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Im Jahr 2005 wurde das Gesetz uber vermisste Kinder erlassen und in Kraft getreten. Dieses Gesetz zielt auf die unverzugliche Entdeckung und Ruckkehr vermisster Kinder ab. Vermisste Kinder im Sinne von diesem Gesetz sind diejenigen, die unter 18 Jahren sind und von ihren Eltern getrennt wurden. Ferner fallen die geistigen, autistischen und pychischen Behinderten und demenzkranken Patienten in den Schutzbereich dieses Gesetzes. Das Gesetz bietet rechtliche Grundlagen fur verschiedene Maßnamen zur Verhutung und Fruhentdekung vermisster Kinder: Profilierungssystem fur Vermisste, Standortbestimmung von Mobiltelefonen, genetische Analyse, Vorregistrierung von Fingerabdrucken, Amber Alert System und Code Adam usw. Trotzdem treten immer noch viele Vermisstfälle auf. Insbesondere ereigneten sich kurzlich schreckliche Vermisstfälle, z.B. 'Young-Hak Lee-Fall' und 'Yu-Jung Ko- Fall'usw. Dabei wurde der erste Eingriff der Polizei auf diese Fälle heftig kritisiert.
In dieser Situation untersucht die vorliegende Studie in Bezug auf das Gesetz uber vermisste Kinder eine Verbesserungsmöglichkeit des Fahndungssystem der Polizei. Daruber hinaus geht diese Studie in einer rechtsvergleichenden Betrachtung in das deutsche Rechtssystem ein. Durch die rechtsvergleichende Untersuchung werden Rechtssystem und Praxis bei der Fahndung vermisster Kinder vergleicht und analysiert. Es warden Ansätze fur die Verbesserung des Fahndungssystems in Korea gezogen.

KCI등재

7프랑스 근접경찰; 자치경찰과 일상안전경찰

저자 : 유주성 ( Yoo Ju Sung )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 18권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 181-205 (25 pages)

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A la fin de 1990, l'organisation policièe francaise a cree une Police de Proximite qui vise à passer au devant des attentes des citoyens, qui anticipe sur l'evènement et qui est capable de resoudre les problèmes dans leur environnement, tout en gardant le système centralise. cette reforme marque le passage d'une Police de maintien de l'ordre à une Police de securite au quotidien. Elle permet de renforcer les rapports avec les citoyens pour agir ensemble sur les causes de la criminalite et l'inseurite. Mais l'experience n'a ete suspendue que pendant cinq ans en raison de la volonte du gouvernement pour contrôler la police et du fort rejet au sein de l'organisation de la police. Après l'abolition de la police de proximite, les activites de police muciniplae ont commence à developer, tout en augmentant l'organisation et les effectifs. De plus, avec plusieurs modifications legislatives, la police municipale dispose aujourd'hui de competences accrues dans la domaine de la prevention comme police communautaire et securitaire En outre, il convient de prêter attention à la creation et à l'organisation de la police de securite quotidienne actuellement en cours au sein de la police d'Etat. Reconnue comme 'une resurrection de la police de proximite', la nouvelle organisation policière locale est en activite dans les zones où les troubles et les delits sont graves. Cependant, la police de securite quotidienne vise principalement à retablir l'ordre et à repondre aux crimes violents dans la region, et donc elle diffère clairement de la police de proximite precedente en termes de fonctionnement et d'activites organisationnelles.

KCI등재

8대만 형사법의 배상명령(부대민사소송(附帶民事訴訟))과 우리 법의 시사점

저자 : 김성수 ( Kim Seongsoo )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 18권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 207-246 (40 pages)

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This study is to provide a helpful material for the vitalization of our present system of compensation order prescribed by the Act on Special Cases concerning Expedition(1981), through Taiwan's example, the contents of which have not been known in Korea until now.
In Korea, the Act on Special Cases concerning expedition(1981), not the Act of Criminal Procedure(Act no. 131 of 1948), last amended in 2019, stipulated the order for compensation. When a conviction is to be declared in the procedures of criminal trial of the first instance or the second instance against the crimes as stipulated in several articles of the Penal Act(Act no. 239 of 1953, as amended up to Act no. 11731 of 2013), the court may, either ex officio or upon application from the victim or his successor, order a compensation for direct physical damages, medical expenses, and solatium occurred due to the criminal acts of the accused case(article 25). The compensation order is specified in Taiwan's Code of Criminal Procedure(1935)(the Code hereafter), under the name of Ancillary Civil Action(附帶民事訴訟). The main source of this order is the Code of Criminal Procedure(Part IX Ancillary Civil Action, articles 487 to 512).
According to the Code, those who injured by an offense may bring an ancillary civil action along with the criminal procedure, to request compensation from the defendant and those who may be liable under the Civil Code(article 487, paragraph 1). As a filing period, an ancillary civil action shall be filed after criminal prosecution and after the close of oral arguments in the court of the second instance; provided that it may not be filed after the close of oral arguments in the court of the first instance and before the appeal(Article 488). As its competent court, where a court pronounced a ruling pursuant to Paragraph 2 of Article 6, and Articles 8 to 10 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, it is deemed to pronounce the same ruling for a supplement civil action. A pronouncement of mistake in jurisdiction and case transfer under the criminal procedure shall also be made in the supplement civil action(Article 489).
Besides, the Code enumerates the Applicable Law into the Code of Criminal Procedure(Article 490) and the one into the Code of Civil Procedure(Article 491), one by one. And we write on the relevant prescription with its jurisprudence and the theoretical disputes, one by one as follows: Initiation-Complaint(Article 492), Service of the Complaint and Preparatory Pleading(Article 493), Summon the Party and Related Person(Article 494), Initiation-Verbal(Article 495), Trial Period(Article 496), Prosecutor Participation(Article 497), Discovery(article 499), Fact Establishment(Article 500), Time of Judgment(Article 501), Ruling - Overruled or Judgment against Defendant(Article 502), Ruling (II) - Overruled or Transferred to Civil Division(Article 503), Ruling (III) - Transfer to the Civil Division(Article 504), Ruling (IV) - Transfer to the Civil Division(Article 505), Restriction to Appeal to the Third Instance(Article 506), Omission of Reasons in Appeal to the Third Instance for a Supplement Civil Action(Article 507), Judgment for Appeal to the Third Instance (I) - Overruled(Article 508), Judgment for Appeal to the Third Instance (II) - Adjudication(Article 509), Judgment for Appeal in the Third Instance (III) - Remand or Delivery(Article 510), Ruling (V) - Transferred to a Civil Court(Article 511) and Retrial for Ancillary Civil Action(Article 512).
In our exploring Taiwan's example about the corresponding compensation order, this study is limited to consideration of a brief sketch of its contents and some jurisprudence, so we have to wait for another comparative models for Common law countries and the continental law countries. Nevertheless, it is to be hoped that this study lays the helpful foundation on the reform of our compensation order.

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