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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1999)~22권3호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 529
지중해지역연구
22권3호(2020년 08월) 수록논문
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Human civilization has been engaged in farming activities for thousands of years, and has accumulated the knowledge and experience in agriculture over the generations. Based on this, it has inherited and developed an agricultural system optimized for mankind. These traditional agricultural knowledge systems of mankind have been carried out throughout the world and have been inherited and developed into various forms of agricultural systems according to regional characteristics. In addition, it developed into a unique culture with local social and economic conditions.
Today, rural areas are not only re-examining the food supply and means of livelihood, but also re-examining the pluralistic value and public interest functions of agriculture, including securing local ecosystems, inheriting traditional culture, maintaining landscape culture, transferring traditional agricultural technology and preserving biodiversity. This paradigm shift created an opportunity for the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) in 2002 to designate, manage and preserve world-class agricultural and fishery heritage by introducing the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems(GIAHS) for conforming management and dynamic conservation of various heritage in rural areas.
Among these world's major agricultural heritages, the traditional oasis of Gafsa, located at the province of Gafsa in Tunisia, North Africa, is a heritage listed as a pilot project of the world's major agricultural heritages under the leadership of FAO. This place has been inheriting and developing the multi-layered traditional agricultural system through the water resources management system for centuries in the dry climate of the desert. In particular, the value of its heritage is recognized worldwide by developing the unique culture of the local community based on this. Even now, however, Gafsa's traditional oasis still carries various threats as it changes in social, economic and cultural sectors.
Based on these points, this study considered the current situation and characteristics of the traditional oasis of Gafsa, which is listed in the FAO-led world's major agricultural heritage system, by noting the world's major agricultural heritage system as a priming water for expressing and maximizing the pluralistic value and public functions of agriculture. Through these studies, we could reconsider that the FAO's World Important Agricultural Heritage System is a traditional knowledge system that contains the concerns and wisdom of our ancestors, and that it can create the possibility of internal development of agriculture and rural areas in the future by overcoming the possibilities and limitations of the ecological environment.

KCI등재

2혼돈상태의 리비아 국가 재건과정 속 외세의 개입과 부족주의

저자 : 서정민 ( Seo Jeong-min )

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 22권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 29-52 (24 pages)

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Currently, Libya is facing a situation near a low intensity civil war due to intense confrontation between the internationally recognized government in the West and the Libyan National Army in the East. Furthermore, policies and attitudes toward the current situation of Libya of various countries are divided according to their strategic, political, economic and ideological interests in dealing with the crisis.
Therefore, this study attempted to identify which of the independent variables of foreign intervention and tribalism has a greater correlation with the chaotic state rebuilding process of Libya. To this end, this study analyzed articles related to the civil wars of Libya in order to demonstrate the relative importance of the two independent variables. In particular, co-occurrence of words analysis in KH Coder program was utilized to understand the interrelationship between the chaotic situation of Libya and foreign intervention and tribalism.
Unfortunately, however, the results of the study have not been able to draw a definite conclusion. In the quantitative analysis of the frequency of articles by The New York Times, 'foreign intervention' was identified as a more important variable, but the internal variable based on 'tribalism' was more prominent in the co-occurrence of words analysis that understood the interrelationships of the main key words of the article contents. While analyzing the situation in Libya from a third- party perspective, The New York Times as an American newspaper may have been more interested in foreign intervention, which further reflects the concerns of the international community in the number of articles.
As a result, according to the results of this study, we need to consider both foreign intervention' and 'internal tribalism' in the analysis of the chaotic situation in Libya and its outlook. Libya's socio-cultural context, in which not only the formation of a nation-state but also the state reconstruction process was affected, must be considered at the same time due to the unique geopolitical position of Libya where the regime change occurred due to external intervention and the existing remnants of traditional tribalism. In the end, the Korean government and businesses circle should establish a more elaborate and detailed cooperation and exchange strategy with Libya considering the future of the Libya crisis which will be intermingled with both foreign intervention and internal tribalism at the same time.

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After the Reformation, Europe is divided into the theology of the Catholic Church and the theology of the Protestant Church, which led to the division of philosophical textbooks. Because the difference in theology led to the difference in philosophy, Protestant philosophers needed a new philosophical textbook. It was the Portuguese-Spanish Scholar philosophers who helped them so much, especially in metaphysical textbooks. At first, there was a rejection of the achievements of medieval metaphysics, but their philosophical achievements could not be ignored. Portuguese-Spanish Scholar philosophers served to convey the achievements of medieval metaphysics to Protestant philosophers.
We are accustomed to the history of philosophy, which goes from medieval metaphysics to modern metaphysics. However, there must be a bridge connecting these two philosophies at the time of transitioning from medieval metaphysics to modern metaphysics. The Portuguese- Spanish Scholar philosophers played a role in becoming the bridge of the two philosophies. Especially among Portuguese-Spanish Scholar philosophers, philosophers such as Suarez, Pererius and Fonseca played such a role. The Portuguese-Spanish Scholar philosophers and Jesuit philosophers Suarez and Pererius influenced the German Protestant philosopher Goclenius. Under these influences, the idea of the Generalis metaphysica and specialis metaphysica of Wolff and Baumgraten, which we know well, was completed. But we think about the emergence of modern metaphysical textbooks without the philosophical achievements of Portuguese-Spanish Scholar philosophers. But the obvious historical fact is that if Portuguese-Spanish Scholar philosophers had not passed on medieval metaphysics and their ideas to modern metaphysics, modern metaphysics textbooks might not have appeared. And if their metaphysical textbooks appeared without the help of Portuguese-Spanish Scholar philosophers, they would be different from what we know now. Therefore, this paper is to introduce Portuguese-Spanish Scholar philosophers. Through this introduction, this paper shows that the Portuguese-Spanish Scholar philosophical contribution in the Mediterranean region is not small in the history of European philosophy, and it is more than we expect.

KCI등재

4고대 이집트 신앙과 내세관 연구 -오시리스 신화와 장제 문서를 중심으로-

저자 : 윤용수 ( Yoon Yong-soo )

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 22권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 77-106 (30 pages)

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The Pharaoh civilization is one of the oldest civilizations in human history and the cradle of human civilization conceived of Pharaoh.
The Pharaoh civilization laid the foundation for the development of the future civilization across religion, writing system, mathematics, medicine, art, astronomy, architecture and so on.
The mental culture and academic achievements established by the ancient Egyptians became the basis of civilization and cultural development not only in Egypt but also in the Mediterranean region and the whole human society.
In particular, the ancient Egyptians tried to solve their curiosity about life, death, and the afterlife and they had a primitive and religious system.
Egyptian thoughts, understandings and ideas about the afterlife created numerous Egyptian myths, mummies and pyramids.
The Egyptians' imagination seems to have had a profound effect on the customs and thought systems of Abraham's religion, such as Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
Therefore ancient Egyptian mythology has more historical value than mythology. The various myths and manuscripts recorded in ancient Egyptian tombs became a vivid record of ancient Egyptian society.
For the ancient Egyptians, myths and patriarchal documents are not just stories of gods or imaginations of the afterlife, but another kind of historical document that contains their perception of the universe and their understanding of life and the nature that surrounds them.
Therefore, in this study, through the Osiris myth and the funeral texts, a representative myth among ancient Egyptian myths, I try to analyse the belief system of the ancient Egyptians and their perception of the world and the afterlife
In particular, I research the perceptions of their lives and the influence of customs on future Abrahamic religions.
This research is not limited to the study and understanding of the ancient Egyptians' belief systems and customs, but aims to analyze the influence and correlation of their beliefs and customs on the major religions of the later Mediterranean.

KCI등재

5칼데론의 성체극 『거룩한 오르페우스』에 구현된 음악 연구

저자 : 이만희 ( Lee Man-hee )

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 22권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 107-127 (21 pages)

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In his two sacramental acts entitled Divine Orpheus, Pedro Calderon de la Barca sets the music of Orpheus as a means of salvation of Christ, unlike the other mythical sacramental acts. While in his other sacramental acts, music was used only as a tool to amplify the dramatic effects, the music of these two dramas was used as a means of salvation as a theme embodying the purpose of the sacramental act. Calderon, the founder of Zarzuela, which can be called the opera of Spanish taste, began the era of Spanish music drama. The variety of musical forms used in the work in 1663 is very relevant to the appearance of Zarzuela. The reason for the increase in musical elements in Calderon's sacramental act in time and genre is sufficient. In addition to using Zarzuela's musical styles, such as Recitativo and Monodi, and Chorus of ancient Greek origin, Calderon, a royal priest, discovered the original form of Bible music and restored it to his sacramental acts.

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Turquerie was the Turkish style that swept over Western Europe between the 16th and 18th centuries. It was the fascination that captured the European's imagination of culture, fine arts, and fashion of the Ottoman people and was a rich source of exotic and mysterious inspiration to the Europeans. The Turquerie trend originated in the Kingdom of France, which had decorated the royal palaces with carpets weaved in Eastern Anatolia in the 14th century. The trend reached its climax during the 18th century, when the upper classes tried to imitate the Ottoman culture, fashion and lifestyle.
France and the Ottoman Empire were allies under the Capitulation Treaty. This treaty provided privileges of taxation, religious activity, and extraterritorial consular jurisdiction to the French monarchy granted by the Ottoman sultan. With the most favored nation clause, the French monarch dispatched merchants, diplomats, and missionaries to the Ottoman Empire. These individuals carried out activities such as collecting documents, reporting for state affairs, promotion of commerce, and writing a travelogue. All of this stimulated the infusion of Turkish style that rushed into France during the 18th century.
This paper explores the Turquerie movement was formed and come into fashion in France. With this in mind, this research focuses on two main questions. First, what were the political and socio-cultural mechanisms that made the trend possible despite the religious and cultural differences between the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of France? Second, how did these mechanisms work that specifically led to the Turquerie trend? In an attempt to answer these questions, I focused on a close and important alliance between the two countries. The findings show that the Kingdom of France played a major role as a platform in accepting and proliferating the Turkish culture.

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It is a difficult task to determine the exact coverage of the term “principium intellectivum” used in Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologiae, Ia, q.76, a.1, co. And it becomes more challenging when this term is coupled with his seemingly indifferent usage of “intellectus” and “anima intellectiva,” because this indifference seems to undermine the central thesis of the Thomistic theory of soul: the distinction between intellective soul and intellect. However, thanks to some eminent medievalists of the Twentieth century, we can at least comfortably settle some difficulties and doubts relative to Thomas's lifelong consistency on the distinction between the two. It remains however uncertain of the reason why he has used such an expansive or ambiguous term like “principium intellectivum” which can entail some serious misunderstandings concerning his famous distinction between “intellectus”, and “anima intellectiva.”
Apropos of this uncertainty, some have suggested taking the terminology in question as “une façon de parler.” However, even though we admit that this could be one of the safest ways to account for the uncertainty therein, we cannot but confess that it is not completely satisfactory. That is why we have attempted in this paper a strong reading on Thomas's critique against the soul-mover theory in Summa Theologiae, Ia, q.76, a.1. in the context of the medieval controversy over unicity or plurality of substantial form. In this processus, we could find a possible way to interpret that this critique has double objectives and that Thomas serves, before he addresses his full-dress refutations in q, 76 aa. 2-4, the term “principium intellectivum” to set a preliminary critique against his opponents in two camps: the Latin Averroists and the Pluralists. In this line of interpretation, we could conclude that the seemingly indifferent usage of Thomistic terms “intellectus” and “anima intellectiva” are not “une façon de parler,” but “une façon strategique de parler” in strict consistency with his central thesis of the distinction between intellect and intellective soul.

KCI등재

8루이 라벨의 『가치론, Traité des valeurs』

저자 : 이명곤

발행기관 : 부산외국어대학교 지중해지역원 간행물 : 지중해지역연구 22권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 181-187 (7 pages)

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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