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Journal of The Korean Regional Development Association

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수록정보
13권3호(2001) |수록논문 수 : 16
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13권3호(2001년) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1인력 이동이 지역 경제에 미치는 효과

저자 : 김영용(Young Yong Kim) , 이승준(Seung Jun Lee)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 1-17 (17 pages)

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This study investigates the economic effects of interregional labor movements on regional economies in Korea. The gains and losses for a regional economy are analyzed based on marginal product of labor, the slope of the marigal product of labor curve, and the corresponding size of labor movement. Contrary to the case of capital movement in which regions of both capital exporting and capital importing gain, labor movements result in a deterious effect on labor exporting region since a part of income of the labor exporting region is transferred to the labor importing region, and the incomes of workers who moved to a region are not returned to their home region. The results demonstrate that in 1998 Chonnam shows the highest marginal product of labor in manufacturing among the regions under examination. Chonbuk, Kyunggi, Kyungnam, Chungnam, and Chungbuk are placed next to Chonnam. On the other hand, Cheju shows the lowest marginal product of labor. Seoul, Pusan, and Kyungbuk are ranked next to Cheju. These aspects can be attributed to structural differences in industries located in each region. Chonnam, Chonbuk, and Kyunggi areas experience labor inflows from other regions due to their relatively high marginal product of labor. In particular, the immigrating workers into Kyunggi enjoy the highest increase in their incomes. Net income accrues to Chonnam the largest due to labor inflow. The size of increased net income for Chonbuk and Kyunggi follows Chonnam. Kyunggi enjoys larger amount of transferred income from the labor exporting regions than any other region. Kyungnam, Chonnam and Chonbuk are placed next to Kyunggi. Cheju, Seoul, Pusan, Kangwon and Chungbuk areas suffer from labor outflow because of their low marginal product of labor. The net income loss is the largest for Seoul among the regional economies. Pusan and Kyungbuk follow Seoul due to their low marginal product of labor and sizable amount of labor outflow. The policy implication derived from the study is simple. Each regional economy should increase productivitiy of labor to induce workers from the other regions, and specialize in an industry based on comparative advantage.

KCI등재

2지역특성이 인구이동에 미치는 영향 : 계속이동과 회귀이동

저자 : 이성우(Seong Woo Lee)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 19-43 (25 pages)

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Most migration analyses implicitly treat migration as if it were a once-and-for-all event Most moves, however, are repeat moves, either on to new locations or back to places where migrants lived before. Such repeat events are generally coined as onward or return migration, where the former is a sequence of moves to new locations and the latter represents a move to a previous location The purpose of this article is to extend the empirical literature on population migration by examining the effects of regional differentials on population movement between return and onward migrants. Our findings show some significant differences between return and onward migrants with respect to individual and locational characteristics. Compared with return migrants, onward migrants comprise a higher proportion of those searching for better opportunities in their response to the attractions of potential destinations. Those who overestimated the utility of the potential destination are more likely to be return migrants, taking advantage of kinship ties and location-specific amenities. We suspect that the expected difference in returns may result from a trade-off between the lower costs associated with making a return migration, the possibility of lower income levels following migration, and the help of kinship and location-specific capital in the home regions, relying upon relatives and friends for monetary or social assistance during the transition period right after migration.

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3도시정책 개발 모형 연구

저자 : 소진광(Jin Kwang So)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 45-64 (20 pages)

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So far municipal government would make policies on the base of the traditional capitals such as financial capital, physical capital, environmental capital, etc. Therefore urban policies have been implemented beyond realizing the value, the ultimate end, goal, and objective, resulting in governmental failure. In urban policies, the ultimate end or the concept of public good tends to be ambiguous, and not to be connected with practical instruments usually supported by public cost. In this context, this essay tries to develop a new model for more efficient and effective urban policy, introducing the concept of social capital. Social capital can be expected to connect the value of urban policy and more practical objective of projects. In conclusion, a new model for more efficient and effective urban policy can be approached from the three contexts, such as substantial field, procedural context and value system.

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4주택재개발구 재정착 주민의 주거안정 특성 분석

저자 : 하성규(Seong Kyu Ha) , 김태섭(Tae Seop Kim)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 65-82 (18 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to examine the socioeconomic characteristics of reoccupied residents in housing renewal project areas. With the chronic problems of housing renewal project, a Joint Redevelopment Project was introduced in 1983. There has been considerable improvement of physical aspects which resulted from housing renewal project. However, it has led to various problems such as the lack of residents` participation in planning process, the role of local government, the equity of the housing allocation and affordability of low-income residents. The project is basically profit-oriented and does not take into account the residents` ability to pay and the project treats housing as a commodity in the open market. Most of the occupants of redeveloped estates are belong to middle income group who are not the original residents. Unfortunately only 30 percent of original residents reoccupied after the completion of the housing renewal projects. The low-income community has broken through the project. The survey evidence demonstrates that reoccupied original residents, particularly tenants, are facing a serious economic burdensome for keeping new apartment. The owner occupiers have got some benefit through housing price increase. But tenants have to pay more money for maintenance cost and rent. Even though reoccupied residents have much improved housing facilities, they do not satisfied with new residential environment in terms of the culture, human relationship and community sense of belonging. They are losing low-income social network which they enjoy the squatter settlements consensus.

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5서해안고속도로 개통과 영향권 개발

저자 : 김정연(Jeong Youn Kim) , 전영노(Yung Ro Jeon)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 83-94 (12 pages)

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This paper aims to analyse the regional effects of the west coastal highway and to propose the policy issues using those effects for facilitating development of west Korea. Opening of the west coastal highway in 2001 shall shrink time distance among the regions of west Korea greatly and increase regional interaction drastically along the highway. These effects shall provide new opportunities to the influential areas of highway in improving socio-economic and spatial structure. However, there may be widened regional imbalance between Seoul metropolitan area and the other west Korea owing to the strong straw effect. So, we recommend policy issues using the effect of highway for formulating the west coastal developmental axis which was proposed in the 4th Comprehensive National Territorial Plan (2000∼2020): Formulation of nucleus area and planned development of area adjacent to interchange of highway; improvement of local transportation system connected to highway; common use of area-wide urban services among regions.

KCI등재

6바다낚시공원지역의 관광활성화 - 고성지역을 사례로 -

저자 : 윤상호(Sang Ho Yoon)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 95-105 (11 pages)

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This paper is concerned with the development planning in tourist area. Sea fishing is the representative leisure activity recently. Especially Koseong area located in Kyongnam province is famous for sea fishing public park. Six billion won was invested to the sea fishing area since 1992. But there was no rational & reasonable plan to operate the facilities. So the enterprise of the sea fishing public park has suffered from a loss in terms of money. Then how to operate well the fund & how to develop the area issues now. The enterprise tries to recover the loss. And the circumference condition will be advance in one or two years. Therefore this paper attempts to suggest the tourist development including hinterland.

KCI등재

7농촌지역사회의 유형구분 및 특성분석 - 충청남도 읍 , 면을 중심으로

저자 : 송두범(Doo Bum Song) , 오남현(Nam Hyun Oh)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 107-120 (14 pages)

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The objectives of this study are to suggest a unit and a method of selecting the target areas for the rural developanent policy. This study also tries to find out an efficient way of implementing the ruoral development policy for the community unit by classifying and analyzing administrative districts. To do this, the scope of rural community was defined as the administrative district eup(town)-myons(township) in Chungnam Province except for tongs which was included in the urban category. The classification and characteristic analysis of communities were carried with eup-myons. The Factor Analysis, Cluster Analysis, One-way ANOVA, Z-score were used for the data analysis with SPSS. According to the above results, the following policy strategies can be suggested. 1) It is desirable that the target areas for the rural development are hierarchically selected with si-guns, eup-myons, legal ri(villages). 2) If the target areas are uniformly selected in terms of si-gun units, there may exist the possibility of distorting or not reflecting their characteristics because the heterongeneous villages are dispersed with small groups. 3) The scope of target areas for rural development may be of variety from villages unit to si-guns unit if the analysis is based on the micro-level. 4) Among fishery and side-job areas, the classification of the fishing villages is not possible because the data of the fishing villages unit are not produced. 5) The rural areas should be defined with the objective criterion other than administrative units because the current data based on administrative units do not explain appropriately the feature of the area. 6) A variety of indicators should be developed in that the selection of indexes should be changed according to the goal of rural development policy.

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8일본 마을정비제도의 분류와 특성에 관한 연구

저자 : 윤원근(Won Keun Yoon)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 121-139 (19 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to categorize and clear the rural village development system in Japan. Generally speaking, the category of rural village development system can be classified into four groups, and be determined by the location of the rural village. The location of rural village is understood as a zoning system in urban and rural area. The City Planning Act has been the general legislation covering urban area. This act designates city planning zone and urbanization control zone. In rural area, zoning system is operated under The Agricultural Promotion Area Act. This act designates agricultural land zone and other agricultural promotion area. Therefore, there is no general legislation that control development within rural settlement, although technical standards for individual buildings are decided by The Building Standard Act. In 1987, The Rural Settlement Planning Act was enacted. This is novel attempt to address village planning issue between urban planning and agricultural legislation. Namely, rural settlement planning system is established and applied in the fringe of urban area, but not in the whole rural area.

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9한국의 환경의식과 환경운동

저자 : 조명래(Myung Rea Cho)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 141-154 (14 pages)

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This paper attempts to investigate how both environmental consciousness and environmental movement evolve influencing each other within the overall change of socio-economic system in Korea. The relationship between the two has undergone four distinctive changes: ① unenlightened environmental consciousness vs. absent evironmental movement from early 1960s to mid-1970s, ② pollution-evoked environmental consciousness vs. environmental resistance movement from mid-1970s to mid-1980s, ③ civil-right focused environmental consciousness vs. organized environmental movements from mid-1980s to mid-1990s, ④ discursive environmenal consciousness vs. institutionalized environmental movement from mid-1990s till now.

KCI등재

1021 세기의 사회변화와 지역계획의 대응전략

저자 : 김영모(Yung Mo Kim)

발행기관 : 한국지역개발학회 간행물 : 한국지역개발학회지 13권 3호 발행 연도 : 2001 페이지 : pp. 155-168 (14 pages)

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Current society in the 21st century is rapidly transformed. Regional Planning always reflects the transformation of society. The purpose of this paper is to find out some strategies of regional planning toward the 21st century, in relation with the transformation of society. In order to accomplish this purpose, four topics are discussed. The first topic finds out such issues as globalization, localization, information, and environmental conservation identified from the transformation of society. The second topic examines the concepts and effects of each issue in relation to regional planning. The third topic discusses various strategies needed to cope with those issues. The fourth topic suggests the policy implication of those issues discussed above. In conclusion, the existing regional planning requires to shift its concept to a new one and needs to accommodate those issues mentioned above, in order to be more effective.

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