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대한내분비학회> Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지)

Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) update

  • : 대한내분비학회
  • : 의약학분야  >  내과학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCI,SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 2093-596X
  • : 2093-5978
  • : 대한내분비학회지(~2009)→Endocrinology and Metabolism(2010~)

수록정보
34권3호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 14
간행물 제목
34권3호(2019년) 수록논문
권호별 수록 논문
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KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

1Radioactive Iodine-Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer and Redifferentiation Therapy

저자 : Jierui Liu , Yanqing Liu , Yansong Lin , Jun Liang

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 215-225 (11 pages)

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The retained functionality of the sodium iodide symporter (NIS) expressed in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) cells allows the further utilization of post-surgical radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy, which is an effective treatment for reducing the risk of recurrence, and even the mortality, of DTC. Whereas, the dedifferentiation of DTC could influence the expression of functional NIS, thereby reducing the efficacy of RAI therapy in advanced DTC. Genetic alternations (such as BRAF and the rearranged during transfection [RET]/papillary thyroid cancer [PTC] rearrangement) have been widely reported to be prominently responsible for the onset, progression, and dedifferentiation of PTC, mainly through activating the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling cascades. These genetic alternations have been suggested to associate with the reduced expression of iodide-handling genes in thyroid cancer, especially the NIS gene, disabling iodine uptake and causing resistance to RAI therapy. Recently, novel and promising approaches aiming at various targets have been attempted to restore the expression of these iodine-metabolizing genes and enhance iodine uptake through in vitro studies and studies of RAI-refractory (RAIR)-DTC patients. In this review, we discuss the regulation of NIS, known mechanisms of dedifferentiation including the MAPK and PI3K pathways, and the current status of redifferentiation therapy for RAIR-DTC patients.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

2Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Diabetes: An Epidemiological Perspective

저자 : Eun-jung Rhee

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 226-233 (8 pages)

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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is thought to stem from the body's inability to store excess energy in adipocytes; as such, it is commonly viewed as the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome. The pathogenesis of NAFLD involves ectopic fat accumulation, which also takes place in the liver, muscle and visceral fat. NAFLD is rapidly becoming more widespread in Korea, with an estimated prevalence of 30% in adults. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and NAFLD share insulin resistance as a common pathophysiological mechanism, and each of these two diseases affects the development of the other. Recent studies have suggested that NAFLD is often present as a comorbidity in T2DM patients. The mutual interrelationship between these conditions is shown by findings suggesting that T2DM can exacerbate NAFLD by promoting progression to nonalcoholic hepatosteatosis or fibrosis, while NAFLD causes the natural course of diabetic complications to worsen in T2DM patients. It remains unknown whether one disease is the cause of the other or vice versa. In this review, I would like to discuss current epidemiological data on the associations between NAFLD and T2DM, and how each disease affects the course of the other.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

3Recent Progress on Branched-Chain Amino Acids in Obesity, Diabetes, and Beyond

저자 : Md Abu Bakkar Siddik , Andrew C. Shin

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 234-246 (13 pages)

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Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are essential amino acids that are not synthesized in our body; thus, they need to be obtained from food. They have shown to provide many physiological and metabolic benefits such as stimulation of pancreatic insulin secretion, milk production, adipogenesis, and enhanced immune function, among others, mainly mediated by mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. After identified as a reliable marker of obesity and type 2 diabetes in recent years, an increasing number of studies have surfaced implicating BCAAs in the pathophysiology of other diseases such as cancers, cardiovascular diseases, and even neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease. Here we discuss the most recent progress and review studies highlighting both correlational and potentially causative role of BCAAs in the development of these disorders. Although we are just beginning to understand the intricate relationships between BCAAs and some of the most prevalent chronic diseases, current findings raise a possibility that they are linked by a similar putative mechanism.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

4A Review of the Effects of Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonists and Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors on Lean Body Mass in Humans

저자 : Jack Alistair Sargeant , Joseph Henson , James Adam King , Thomas Yates , Kamlesh Khunti , Melanie Jane Davies

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 247-262 (16 pages)

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Weight loss is an important goal in the management of several chronic conditions, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, and pharmacological therapies that aid weight loss are appealing. Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) are novel glucose-lowering therapies that have been shown to induce clinically significant reductions in body weight. However, this weight loss may not be attributed solely to fat mass (FM). Given the importance of skeletal muscle and lean body mass (LBM) on cardio-metabolic health and physical function, we reviewed the available literature reporting the effects of GLP-1RAs and SGLT2is on body composition. Results demonstrate that, in most circumstances, the weight loss associated with both therapies predominantly comprises a reduction in FM, although significant heterogeneity exists between studies. In over half of the studies identified, the proportion of LBM reduction ranged between 20% and 50% of total weight lost, which is consistent with diet-induced weight loss and bariatric surgery. No clear differences existed between GLP-1RAs and SGLT2is. Consequently, the loss of LBM and skeletal muscle associated with weight loss induced by GLP-1RAs and SGLT2is warrants attention. Strategies to preserve skeletal muscle and improve physical function, for example through structured exercise, are of great importance.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

5Being Indexed in SCIE: A Major Step Forward for Endocrinology and Metabolism

저자 : Won-young Lee

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 263-264 (2 pages)

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KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

6Comprehensive Efforts Are Needed to Improve the Quality of Primary Diabetes Care in Korea

저자 : Chan-hee Jung

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 265-267 (3 pages)

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KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

7Changes in Thyroid Peroxidase and Thyroglobulin Antibodies Might Be Associated with Graves' Disease Relapse after Antithyroid Drug Therapy

저자 : Yun Mi Choi , Mi Kyung Kwak , Sang Mo Hong , Eun-gyoung Hong

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 268-274 (7 pages)

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Background: Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune thyroid disorder caused by antibodies stimulating the thyrotropin (TSH) receptor. TSH receptor antibody (TRAb) measurement is useful for predicting GD relapse after antithyroid drug (ATD) treatment. However, the association of other thyroid autoantibodies with GD relapse remains obscure.
Methods: This retrospective study enrolled patients with GD who were initially treated with ATD. TRAb, thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), and thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) were measured at the initial diagnosis and at the time of ATD discontinuation.
Results: A total of 55 patients were enrolled. The mean age was 49.7 years, and 39 patients (70.9%) were female. Antibody positivity at diagnosis was 90.9%, 69.1%, and 61.9% for TRAb, TPOAb, TgAb, respectively. Median ATD treatment period was 15.1 months. At the time of ATD withdrawal, TRAb titers decreased uniformly overall. Conversely, TPOAb and TgAb showed various changes. After withdrawal of ATD, 19 patients (34.5%) experienced relapse. No clinical features or laboratory results were significantly related to relapse in the overall patient group. However, in the TPOAb positive group at diagnosis, increasing titer of TPOAb or TgAb after ATD treatment was significantly and independently related to relapse free survival (TPOAb: hazard ratio [HR], 17.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.66 to 195.43; P=0.02) (TgAb: HR, 5.73; 95% CI, 1.21 to 27.26; P=0.03).
Conclusion: Changes in TPOAb or TgAb titers during treatment might be useful for predicting relapse after ATD treatment in patients with positive TPOAb at diagnosis.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

8Trends in Hyperglycemic Crisis Hospitalizations and in- and out-of-Hospital Mortality in the Last Decade Based on Korean National Health Insurance Claims Data

저자 : Ji Hong You , Sun Ok Song , Se Hee Park , Kyoung Hye Park , Joo Young Nam , Dong Wook Kim , Hyun Min Kim , Dong-jun Kim , Yong-ho Lee , Byung-wan Lee

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 275-281 (7 pages)

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Background: Hyperglycemic crisis is a metabolic emergency associated with diabetes mellitus. However, accurate epidemiologic information on cases of hyperglycemic crisis in Korea remains scarce. We evaluated trends in hyperglycemic crisis hospitalizations and in- and out-of-hospital mortality in Korea. We also predicted future trends.
Methods: We extracted claims data with hyperglycemic crisis as the principal diagnosis from the National Health Insurance Service database in Korea from January 2004 to December 2013. We investigated the numbers of claims with hyperglycemic crisis and identified trends in hyperglycemic crisis based on those claims data. We predicted future trends by statistical estimation.
Results: The total annual number of claims of hyperglycemic crisis increased from 2,674 in 2004 to 5,540 in 2013. Statistical analysis revealed an increasing trend in hyperglycemic crisis hospitalizations (P for trend <0.01). In contrast, the hospitalization rate per 1,000 diabetes cases showed a decreasing trend (P for trend <0.01) during this period. The mortality rate per 1,000 diabetes cases also showed a decreasing trend (P for trend <0.0001). However, no distinct linear trend in the case-related fatality rate at <60 days over the last decade was observed. The predicted number of annual claims of hyperglycemic crisis will increase by 2030.
Conclusion: The number of hyperglycemic crisis hospitalizations in Korea increased in the last decade, although the hospitalization rate per 1,000 diabetes cases and mortality rate decreased. Also, the predicted number of annual claims will increase in the future. Thus, it is necessary to establish long-term healthcare policies to prevent hyperglycemic crisis.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

9Current Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Primary Care Clinics in Korea

저자 : Da Hea Seo , Shinae Kang , Yong-ho Lee , Jung Yoon Ha , Jong Suk Park , Byoung-wan Lee , Eun Seok Kang , Chul Woo Ahn , Bong-soo Cha

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 282-290 (9 pages)

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Background: This study investigated the overall status of diabetes control and screening for diabetic microvascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending primary care clinics in Korea.
Methods: In this cross-sectional observational study, 191 primary care clinics were randomly selected across Korea from 2015 to 2016. In total, 3,227 subjects were enrolled in the study.
Results: The patients followed at the primary care clinics were relatively young, with a mean age of 61.4±11.7 years, and had a relatively short duration of diabetes (mean duration, 7.6±6.5 years). Approximately 14% of subjects had diabetic microvascular complications. However, the patients treated at the primary care clinics had suboptimal control of hemoglobin A1c levels, blood pressure, and serum lipid levels, along with a metabolic target achievement rate of 5.9% according to the Korean Diabetes Association guidelines. The screening rates for diabetic nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy within the past 12 months were 28.4%, 23.3%, and 13.3%, respectively.
Conclusion: The overall status of diabetes management, including the frequency of screening for microvascular complications, was suboptimal in the primary care clinics. More efforts should be made and more resources need to be allocated for primary care physicians to promote adequate healthcare delivery, which would result in stricter diabetes control and improved management of diabetic complications.

KCI등재 SCI SCOPUS

10Aldosterone Rapidly Enhances Levels of the Striatin and Caveolin-1 Proteins in Rat Kidney: The Role of the Mineralocorticoid Receptor

저자 : Kevalin Inthachart , Krissanapong Manotham , Somchai Eiam-ong , Somchit Eiam-ong

발행기관 : 대한내분비학회 간행물 : Endocrinology and Metabolism(구 대한내분비학회지) 34권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 291-301 (11 pages)

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Background: Striatin and caveolin-1 (cav-1) are scaffolding/regulating proteins that are associated with salt-sensitive high blood pressure and promote renal sodium and water reabsorption, respectively. The mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) interacts with striatin and cav-1, while aldosterone increases striatin and cav-1 levels. However, no in vivo data have been reported for the levels of these proteins in the kidney.
Methods: Male Wistar rats were intraperitoneally injected with normal saline solution, aldosterone alone (Aldo: 150 μg/kg body weight), or aldosterone after pretreatment with eplerenone, an MR blocker, 30 minutes before the aldosterone injection (eplerenone [Ep.]+Aldo). Thirty minutes after the aldosterone injection, the amount and localization of striatin and cav-1 were determined by Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry, respectively.
Results: Aldosterone increased striatin levels by 150% (P<0.05), and cav-1 levels by 200% (P<0.001). Eplerenone had no significant effect on striatin levels, but partially blocked the aldosterone-induced increase in cav-1 levels. Aldosterone stimulated striatin and cav-1 immunoreactivity in both the cortex and medulla. Eplerenone reduced cav-1 immunostaining in both areas; however, striatin intensity was reduced in the cortex, but increased in the medulla.
Conclusion: This is the first in vivo study demonstrating that aldosterone rapidly enhances renal levels of striatin and cav-1. Aldosterone increases striatin levels via an MR-independent pathway, whereas cav-1 is partially regulated through MR.

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